Photography History: A quick history of photography
Photography: The word came into existence
by combining the Greek words "Photos" and "Graphein".
meaning Light - and Graphein: meaning to draw - together meaning
- "drawing with light".
Photography from the very beginning captured the public's
imagination. The popularity of photography came about quite
quickly with the Daguerreotype cameras in the mid 1800's.
were as many as 77 photography shops in New York City by 1850.
This new technology was expensive and difficult to use. In 1871
a new process was developed, a dry process of film development.
This made photography more accessible by removing the need for a
darkroom at the scene. Exposure times were reduced from the
half hour range
to the few second range by the 1850's, but that
is still a long time for portraiture and, as well, this made
taking spontaneous images very difficult.
It wasn't until the late 1800's and early 1900's when George
Eastman introduced the Kodak Brownie camera that the gear became
affordable and usable to the average person.
revolutionized photography by using celluloid roll type film and
an inexpensive camera. This new technology allowed you to take
pictures, turn in the camera
with the film still inside, then
have it developed at a camera shop, thus ending the need of
knowing how to use a darkroom.
In the 1920's 35mm cameras came
about with quality lenses. And People such as
Ansel Adams and Edward Weston helped develop
admiration and respect for this new art form.
the mid 1980's the digital sensor was developed. Now with
digital cameras, computers, and printers we have complete
control over the process if we so choose.
Below is a timeline of significant events in the life of
YouTube Video: Henri Cartier Bresson - 1m30sec(click image to view)
YouTube Video: History of Photography - 21m30sec(click image to view)
YouTube Video: Masters of Photography "Andre Kertesz" - 31m45sec(click image to view)
YouTube Video: The Collodion Process - 3m30sec(click image to view)
Key developments in Photography: The Timeline
1500's: Camera Obscura by Leonardo Davinci.
Dark room with a pinhole, a lens added later
1700's: Chemicals like silver chloride and others
1827: 1st photograph by Joseph Niepce in France. 8hr
exposure. Led to Daguerreotype
1839: Daguerreotype. Metal plates covered in silver
halide immersed in salt. 1/2 hr exposures
1839: Sir John Herschel calls it "photography". 1st time
the term was used publicly
1851: Frederick Archer, Collodion Process. Few second
exposures & glass plates, video above
1871: Dr. Richard Maddux, Gelatin plates led to dry
process. Before, darkroom needed with you
1889: George Eastman introduces the Box camera with roll
film made of celluloid
1900: Kodak "Brownie" camera introduced
1907: Lumierre brothers in France introduce color
1914: Oscar Barnack of Leitz Co. intro's camera with
35mm film dimensions & sprocket holes
1917: Nippon Kogaku begins, known today as Nikon
1924: Leitz produces a high quality 35mm camera called "Leica"
1930: The first commercially available flash bulb
1932: F64 group begins. Ansel Adams, Edward Weston, &
1934: Fuji photo company begins
1936: Kodachrome film begins development
1948: Hasselblad introduces 1st commercially available
medium format SLR camera
1949: Zeiss Co. intro's Contax S camera with a
non-reversed image in a pentaprism viewfinder
1959: Nikon introduces the first of the legendary F
series 35mm cameras
1963: Polaroid instant film begins. Kodak introduces the
1964: TTL, Through The Lens metering first introduced
1985: Minolta makes 1st auto-focus camera system known
as The Maxxum
1986: Kodak develops the first Mega pixel sensor, a 1.4
mega pixel sensor
1991: Kodak introduces 1st Pro Digital SLR system -
Nikon F series camera with 1.3mp sensor
- Some Photographer's of Historical Interest -
Andre Kertesz, Alfred Stieglitz, Ansel Adams,
Edward Weston, Henri Cartier Bresson, Imogen Cunningham,
Dorothea Lange, Walker Evans, Margaret Bourke White, Eugene
Smith, Edward S. Curtis, Robert Capa. Elliott Erwitt,
and many more.
The Threat of Photography: The Colbert Report - 5m39sec